Nortmalizing: The steel is heated 50 deg. cent grade beyond the upper critical tempreture( generally 900 to 940), once the calculated soaking time has elapsed the steel is removed from the furnce to cool in still air, This produce smaller n fine grain structure that has high toughness n strength.In short u can say normalizung makes steel tougher n strong.
Stress Reliving: Steel heated upto 550-650 d.c..The plastic flow of sresses increased as tempr. rises, relieving locked in elastic residual welding stress.
Tempering: The steel is re-heated after hardening and the balance of hardness & toughness is adjusted as the temp range 200 - 723deg. cent.
at 723 d.c. all the martensite has been tempered removing the brittleness 7 returning the toughness and some ductility. Normally tempering carried out to rebalance the propertied of thermally hardened steels.
solution Annealing : generally carried out on Stainless steel, this produces large n coarse grain.Heating the steel above 1040 deg.centi grade and quench in oil.
On 5/3/08, Prabhakar h <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
Dear all,Can anyone let me know what is the difference bet'n Normallising/Stress releiving/Tempering/Solution anneling..I always get confussed and cudnt get a better idea....Is there anyone to help it out....?Prabhakar.H
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